What is physiotherapy?
“It is the treatment of any diseased condition with the help of physical methods.”
The center of our discussion here is “physiotherapy”! A physiotherapy is a conservative approach towards the restoration of the movement and function of the body or part of it affected by a disability, injury or illness. The name itself is self-explanatory. Physiotherapy basically is a manual therapy which includes physical movement and education regarding the body function. This is not just a therapy practiced at a biblical scale but is a degree-based branch of the healthcare sector.
What conditions is physiotherapy useful for?
Physiotherapy is useful in a number of conditions associated with various bodily systems including:
The commonly associated conditions include stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. These conditions are mostly associated with limitations in movement and paralysis. Thus, physiotherapy is a useful approach in this case.
Neuromuscular system is very important in maintaining the optimum body functions. Any compromise in the function of this system results in a decline in overall physical performance of the body’s machinery. Most common complaints arising in neuromusculoskeletal disorders include back pain, arthritis, sports’ injuries, and whiplash associated disorder. Physiotherapy is a therapy of choice in these conditions as it has shown proven benefits.
Respiratory system disorders which have shown to benefit from physiotherapy include asthma, cystic fibrosis and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). These conditions can be debilitating if not given prompt care and attention. Thus, physiotherapy promises to be a useful tool in the treatment of these conditions.
What are the types of physiotherapy?
The type of physiotherapy one receives depends on one’s requirements. Keeping this in view and the number of medical conditions physiotherapy is useful for, different types of this therapy.
Manual therapy is useful in improving the:
- manipulation and mobilization of joints
- manual resistance training
Next, to the manual therapy come the exercise programs which is also an effective component of physiotherapy. Exercise programs are useful for:
- muscle strengthening
- posture re-training
- cardiovascular stretching
As the name indicates, electrotherapy is a modern advancement in physiotherapy and uses electric technology. Different electrotherapy techniques used in physiotherapy include:
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
- laser therapy
Physiotherapists; who are they?
Physiotherapists are the people who do physiotherapy. Simple as that! Thank me later, ah!
Well, enough with jokes. A physiotherapist is the most important tool when it comes to physiotherapy. Physiotherapists are not some ordinary people dealing with injuries related to sports and back. They are wrong! Physiotherapists are properly trained and certified healthcare professionals who have expertise in dealing with physical disabilities resulting from any illness, injury, disease or even aging.
The main aim which physiotherapists work to achieve is the restoration of function in case of an injury or disease. If there is a permanent injury or disease, it can reduce the degree of dysfunction. The overall aim is to reduce the pain and suffering and improve the quality of life.
The physiotherapist has a variable routine with a different role and experience every day. The role of a physiotherapist starts with making an accurate diagnosis of a person’s condition and advice a prompt treatment plan. The treatment plan also varies for every individual. For some, it aims at helping them to cope up with crutches while for the others it’s the wheelchair or trying to walk. The role of a physiotherapist is extremely varied with no two days being the same. He/she may have to assess the physical condition of a patient in order to diagnose problems and implement a treatment plan, or alternatively, they could also be re-training patients to walk or helping others to cope with crutches, walking frames, or wheelchairs. Not only this, proper awareness and education of the patient and his family is also the responsibility of the physiotherapist. Education is an important part because it helps with the prevention of such cases in the community and also the sufferer to lead a healthier life.
There are cases in which physiotherapists are also expected to plan certain fitness programs and put them to practice in the community as well.
Last but not the least, issuing sick leave certificates also comes under the authority of a physiotherapist. This enables the patient to have the required amount of rest for proper treatment and healing.